Installing A New Roof: The Systems Beneath Your Shingles

Published Nov 21, 20
5 min read

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When the shingles are being applied, lay them over the valley flashing, trim the ends to the chalk line and nail the shingles at least 50 mm (2) back from the chalk line. Cut a 50 mm (2) triangle off the leading corner to direct water into the valley and embed the valley end of each shingle into a 75 mm (3) band of asphalt plastic cement.

Install metal flashings where shingles meet walls or chimneys, too. Ice and water protector membranes work well to flash and assist protect around skylights, dormers, turbines and other tricky roofing system locations. Apply flashing products in concert with the shingle installation procedure, with both the flashing and the shingles arranged to work together to protect around the joint locations - replacing shingles.

When applying the new shingles, each shingle course will be covered by a step flashing. Metal Action Flashing Pieces There are 2 basic guidelines to follow: Each flashing should overlap the one below by a minimum of 75 mm (3 ), but not show up listed below the shingle leading lap. Insert each step flashing in a 75 mm (3) large application of asphaltic plastic cement, and nail in place.

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The metal action flashing pieces are rectangular in shape and style, roughly 250 mm (10) long and a minimum of 50 mm (2) broader than the face of the shingle being utilized. For example, when utilizing metal flashing with shingles with a normal 143 mm (5 5/8) exposure (such as conventional 3-tab shingles), the size of the flashing will be 250 mm x 200 mm (10 x 8).

Keep in mind: Other action flashing sizes are also acceptable. For IKO's Cambridge shingle, with its bigger 5 7/8 direct exposure, a 10 x 8 flashing piece is still appropriate, because the 8 measurement is still a minimum of 2 larger than the shingle's exposure measurement. However, when flashing Crowne Slate, with its much bigger 10 direct exposure, the flashing piece would need to be 10 x 12.

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Put it so the tab of completion shingle covers it entirely. Protect the horizontal flange to the roofing deck utilizing 2 nails. Do not secure the flashing piece to the vertical wall. This will allow the flashing piece to move individually of any differential growth and contraction that might occur between the roof deck and the wall.

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Make certain that the tab of the shingle in the 2nd course will cover it totally. Secure the horizontal flange to the roofing system. The 2nd and prospering courses will follow with the end shingles flashed as in preceding courses. When everything that goes below the shingles has actually been correctly prepared and set up, it's finally time to find out how to shingle a roof.

Initially before you lay the field shingles (" field" referring to the large stretch of roofing system within the borders of eaves, ridge and rakes) it is necessary to install a preparatory course of starter shingles which are specifically made for that purpose. But, even if you style your own on-site by cutting standard shingles to size, both serve critical functions at the roofing system's eave.

Professional professionals typically recommend and use starter strips along rake edges in order to yield a straight edge from which all the field courses can start. Moreover, these starter strips boost the roofing system's wind-resistance at the rake. It's important to follow the producer's instructions for the particular roof shingle since not all shingles have the same direct exposure (the part of the shingle that shows up once installed), offset (the lateral range in between joints in successive courses in some cases called 'stagger' or 'edge-to-edge spacing') and/or nail placement.

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You need to place nails in the proper place and drive them flush with, however not cutting into, the shingle. Nailing the shingles properly is critical to the roof system's wind-resistance. Appropriate nail positioning is likewise a requirement for the shingles' limited guarantee protection. If you've chosen closed valleys, they are completed as shingle courses approach and go through the valley. installing shingles.



As shingles are installed on the adjacent roofing location, completion of each course of shingles is cut (cut) 2 back of the valley centerline. You've nailed in the last field shingle and you can see the goal from here. Well done! In this case, the goal is the hip and ridge capping. replacing shingles.

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Rather, individual ridge cap shingles are utilized to straddle the ridge and shed water down either slope. There are different ridge cap shingles available on the marketplace however, once again, the treatment for installing them is based on the very same basic principle of overlapping. For hips, start at the bottom and work upslope.

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